Somalia region which includes Somalia and the self independence states of Somaliland and Puntland were divided into various tribal or clan monarchies before colonization. However they still exist today mainly as traditional leaders of their various clans and tribes. This post focuses on currently reigning traditional monarchs in Somalia, Somaliland and Puntland
SULTAN OF WARSANGALI SULTANATE
Warsangali or Warsangeli Sultanate or kingdom was a monarchical government that was created by the Warsangeli clan in the 13th century. It is one of the few Sultanates that survived until the colonial period. It majorly covered Somaliland and Puntland Regions.
Sultan Siccid sultan Abdisalaan sultan Mohamoud Ali shire is the current sultan of Warsangeli clan or sultanate of Somalia. He has been monarch since 1997 and is the grandson of late Sultan Mohamoud Ali shire who died in 1960.
For more information visit https://www.warsangeli.org/
SULTAN OF DAROOD CLAN
Darod or Darood clan is among the largest clan in the Somalia region. They inhabits parts of Mainland Somalia, Puntland and some populaion in Ethiopia and Kenya
King Burhan Boqor Muse was crowned the 34th King in 2014 at an event that attracted many dignitaries from horn of Africa.
Photos ; Twitter
SULTAN OF ISAAQ SULTANATE
Isaaq Sultanate is a traditional monarchy that existed in the 18th and 19th century among the Isaaq clan. It was ruled by the Guleed dynasty that were from the Eidagale sub clan of Isaaq. Their Sultans wee largely involved in the indepencnence movement of Somaliland. They hold the titles Grand Sultan of Isaaq and Grand Sultan of Somaliland.
Sultan Daud Sultan Mohammed is the current 9th sultan, he was installed on 13th February 2021 after the death of his late father Sultan Mahamed Abdiqadir (1975-2021).
Current sultan and late sultan – Photos : Wikipedia commons
SULTAN OF ARAP CLAN
Arap (Arab) clan is a clan under the larger Isaaq clan. They are found in Somaliland and close by parts of Ethiopia. It is said that the Arap revolted against the Isaaq rule and have since had their own sultan.
late Sultan Omar Sultan Mohamed Sultan Farah is the recent monarch of the Arap clan, he died on 14th Septmeber 2021. He succeeded his late father Sultan Mohammed Sultan Farah in 2003. Sultan Mohamed Sultan Farah is famously known for supporting Somaliland National movement and facilitating disarmament of militia after liberation of Somaliland.
Late sultan and his late father – Photos ; Twitter, Somalilandpost
SULTAN OF OMAR MOHAMOUD CLAN
Omar mohamoud clan is a sub clan of the larger Majeerteen ethnic group. Today the sultan is based in Puntland.
Sultan Mohamed Sultan Hurre was crowned at the age of 15 in 2015 becoming Somalias youngest Sultan
Photos ; Sultan Mohamed Hurre
SULTAN OF GADABUURSI
Gadabuursi also known as Samaroon is a clan over 3 million people found in Ethiopia, Somaliland and Djibouti. They have traditionally have traditionally have had a sultan or king called Ughaz or Ugaas.
Sultan (Ughaz) Abdirashid Ughaz Roble III Ughaz Dodi is the 19th monarch of Gadabuursi.
Photos ; Courtsey
SULTAN OF HABAR YAANI CLAN
Habar Yaani is a clan of the wider Isaaq clan.
Sultan Mohamed Sultan Hersi Sultan Qani is the 12th current sultan since 1997.
SULTAN OF HABAR JECLO CLAN
Habar Jeclo or Habar Je’lo is a sub clan of the larger Isaaq clan found in Somaliland and some populations in Ethiopia and Kenya. It broke away and formed their own sultanate.
Its current Sultan is Sultan Abdillahi Sultan Ali
Photos ; Somalilandmirror, Somalilandpost
SULTAN OF HABR YUNIS SULTANATE
Habr Yunis sultanate is a precolonial sultnate in Somaliland by the Habr Yunis clan of the larger Isaaq clan.
Sultan Osman Sultan Ali is the 9th and current sultan since 1979.
Photo ; Ifatmedia
BEELDAAJE OF ALI SALEEBAAN SULTANATE
Beeldaaje Mohammed Beeldaaje Ismael is the monarch of the Ali Saleebaan sultanate located in Carmo town, Puntland. He was crowned in 2018.
Photos ; Halgan, Facebook
SULTAN OF DIRE CLAN
Sultan Dhawal was appointed head of Dir clan in the horn of Africa. It is one of the largest somali clans in the Horn of Africa.
Photos ; Hirran online, Facebook
SULTAN OF SUBEER AWAL/HABR AWAL CLAN
Subeer Awal or Habr Awal is a sub clan of Isaaq clan largerly found in Somaliland. Formerly their monarchs were called Garaad but now called Sultan.
Sultan Abdirizak Sultan Abdillahi Sultan Abdirahaman has largerly spent his life in the middle east but his younger brother currently acts as Sultan Hassan sultan Abdillahi sultan Abdirahman.
older brother and younger brother
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