Enthronement of th 34th Sultan of Tadjourah, Djibouti

The Afar People are one of Africa’s long-established and culturally homogenous indigenous people who have lived in the Afar Triangle, at the convergence of what are now Ethiopia, Djibouti and Eritrea since time immemorial. Afar society has historically been organized into independent kingdoms, each ruled by its own Sultan. Sultan Ali Habib Ahmed is the 34th Sultan of Tadjoura after succeding late sultan who died in 2019. He was crowned in 2022 October.

Tadjoura is the third largest town in Djibouti. It is one of the oldest towns in Djibouti and the capital of the Tadjourah Region. It is centred around the precoonial sultanate of Tadjourah formed in 1450.

  • Asa Kamil – 1450`
  • Shehem – 1480 
  • Hindiwan – 1510 
  • Hamad – 1540
  • Hummad – 1570
  • Mahammad – 1600 
  • Burhan bin Muhammad – 1620
  • Dini bin Muhammad – 1630
  • Kamil bin Burhan – 1655
  • Hamad bin Dini (or Muhammad bin Dini) – 1655
  • Musa bin Kamil – 1680
  • Dini bin Hamad (or Nasser bin Hamad) – 1680
  • Hamad bin Musa – 1705
  • Muhammad bin Dini – 1705
  • Muhammad bin Hamad – 1740
  • Hamad bin Naser – 1770
  • Hummad bin Muhammad – 1770
  • Mandaytu bin Hamad – 1800-1820
  • Ad’allom Muhammad bin Hummad – 1821-1859
  • Muhammad bin Mandaytu – 1860-9 Mar 1862
  • Hummad bin Ad’allom Muhammad – 1863-1879
  • Hummad bin Muhammad – 1880-24 Aug 1912
  • Muhammad bin Arbahim – 2 Dec 1913-6 Aug 1927
  • Hummad bin Muhammad bin Arbahim – Dec 1928-21 Apr 1962
  • Habib bin Hummad bin Muhammad – 18 May 1964 – 1984
  • Abd’ul Kadir bin Hummad bin Muhammad bin Arbahim – 1985 – 17 May 2019
  • Ali Habib Ahmed – 2022 – Current

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