Bamoun (Bamun) people are an ethnic group currently inhabiting Cameroon. They formerly existed as a monarchical nation called kingdom of Bamun ruled by kings or sultans. Today the monarch of the Bamoun still exist but only as a traditional entity, however they hold immense unseen power with their people. His traditional title is Nfon which is translated as king and sultan, king of his people and sultan as leader of Islam in his kingdom.
Sultan Mfonrifum Nabil Mbombo Njoya
Sultan King Nabil Mbombo Njoya is the 20th Nfon (monarch) of the Bamoun Kingdom of Bamoun people of Cameroon. He succeeded his late father Sultan Ibrahim Mbombo Njoya who passed away recently. He was crowned immediately after his funeral. He is the eldest son to be born when the late sultan was reigning. Sons born before their father becomes sultan cannot inherit the throne. He previously served as civil administrator at the office of South Region governor.
Sultan Ibrahim Mbombo Njoya
Sultan Ibrahim Mbombo Njoya of Bamoun people of Cameroon was 19th monarch reigning from 1992-2021. He succeded his late father sultan Seidou Njimoluh Njoya in 1992 and has reigned since until his death in late September 2021. He inhabited the Foumban royal palace built by his grandfather in 1917. He has 9 wives and 30 children.
Princess MomaMfon Rabiatou Njoya
Princess MomaMfon Rabiatou Njoya of Bamoun people of Cameroon is the daughter of late 18th Sultan Seidou Njimoluh Njoya. She is also the granddaughter of the legendary King Ibrahim Njoya. She holds the title MomaMfon which means counsellor and coheir to the sultan. She and her brother the current sultan were crowned together in 1992.
Sultan Seidou Njimoluh Njoya
Sultan Seidou Njimoluh Njoya was the 18th monarch of the Bamoun people of Cameroon. He succeeded his late father King Ibrahim Njoya in 1933 and reigned until his death in 1992. He is credited with establishing his father’s Foumban palace as a museum and restoring back the bamoun idols.
Sultan King Ibrahim Njoya
Ibrahim Njoya was the 17th king of the Kingdom of Bamoun inhabited by the Bamoun people of Cameroon. Born in 1880, He succeeded his late father in 1886 at the young age of 6 ubder his mother’s regency until he reached adulthood. He is the most famous king of the bamoun reigning until 1933. He is known for his innovation of the Bamun script used to write Bamun language which was revived by his grandson lately and is being learnt by school children. He also is the mastermind of the Foumban royal palace which he built in 1917 as a 3 storey building after demolishing his wooden palace.
Foumban royal palace
Foumban Royal Palace is the official residence of the sultan of Bamoun people of Cameroon. It was built in 1917 by the 17th King Ibrahim Njoya in german colonial architecture style. Today it also serves as a royal museum .
Foumban Royal museum located next to the Foumban royal palace of the sultan King of Bamoun people of Cameroon.
Built by late HM King Sultan Ibrahim Mbombo Njoya of Bamoun kingdom, It is designed in a snake spider style which is an important animal to the bamoun and part of the emblem used by the monarch. Two headed Snake to symbolise – victory and power, spider to symbolise hardwork and double Bell which was used by king to rally the army for war.
The museum contains royal robes, thrones, jewellery, arms, musical instruments, other cultural artefacts and the bamoun script.