African Royal Titles

A Compilation of various royal titles in local languages and address from common english substitutes. Note some may lack direct substitutes and meanings differ in different royal monarchies. Information may also be prone to errors in translation to english. The names may also mean differently from their address

NB. European colonial governments lower ranked our kings and emperors into paramount chiefs and chiefs. Unfortunately this has been continued by our modern African governments

Royal Prefix Salutations

Prefix salutations are a colonial import and majorly used in government monarchies. They are placed before the title

  • HM – His/Her Majesty, used in Lesotho 🇱🇸, Eswatini 🇸🇿, Morocco 🇲🇦, and others
  • HRM – His/Her Royal Majesty, used only by Nigerian kings
  • HIM – His/Her Imperial Majesty, was used in Ethiopia and now used only by Ooni of Ife and Alaafin of Oyo, Nigeria
  • HE – His eminence,used by Kings who are also Religious heads, like Sultan of Sokoto, Nigeria (heads of all muslims in Nigeria), Obong of Calabar, Nigeria (first Christian king in Nigeria)
  • HRH – His/Her Royal Highness, used by princes and princesses and chiefs. Used also by some queens like wives of king of Eswatini
  • HSH – His/Her Serene Highness, not used in Africa
  • HH – His/Her Highness, used rarely in Africa
  • HE – His Excellency

eSwatini (Kingdom of eSwatini)

  • King – Ingwenyama (lion, actual name for lion is libhubesi) or Inkhosi
    • praise – Bayethe wena Wapakhati Nkhosi
  • Queen Mother (King’s mother) – Indlovukazi (she- elephant)
    • praise – Nkhosi Ndlovukazi Mhlekazi
  • Reigning King’s wife – Inkhosikati with prefix HRH ,plural is Emakhosikati (also used to refer to married women)
  • Late King’s wives – Balodolozi
  • Prince or Princess – Umntfwanenkhosi (child of a king) or Lizinyane used for a child of a reigning King, Plural is Emazinyane. Lizinyane means lion’s cub
  • Chief – Sikhulu, wife is Inkhosikati. (Only men serve as chiefs, women can serve only as Regents)
  • Governor – indvuna
  • Prime minister – Ndvunankhulu
    • (Special Acknoweldgement to Hussein Mncedisi Arnold)

See more here – Eswatini Royal Family

Lesotho (Kingdom of Lesotho)

  • King – Motlotlehi or Khosi or Rabasotho
  • Queen – Mofumahali Motlotlehi
  • Prince – Khosana
  • Princess – Khosatsana
  • Paramount Chief – Moren eMoholo, wrongly used for Kings during the colonial period
  • Principal chief – Morena oa Sehloho
  • Chief – Morena
  • Chieftainess – Mofumahali (also used for married women)
    • (Special Acknowledgement to Queen Sekhothali Mabhena )

See more here – Lesotho Royal Family

Morocco (Kingdom of Morocco)

  • King – formerly was sultan
  • Princess consort – title first given by King Mohammed VI to his wife Lalla Salma in 2001. Formerly Kings wives were never seen by the public
  • Crown Prince – title accompanied by Sidi
  • Prince – title accompanied by Moulay (male line)
  • Princess – title accompanied by Lalla (male line)
  • Lalla – title for female royal members of the male line
  • Sharifa – title for royal women born of female line
  • Moulay – title for royal men of the family

RWANDA (Kingdom of Rwanda)

  • King – Mwami/Umwami
  • Queen – Mwamikazi (title never existed before and was only used by Queen Rosalie Gicanda)
  • Queen mother – Umugabekazi
  • Prince – Igikomangoma
  • Princess – Igikomangomakazi
    • (Special Acknowledgement to Prince Mutijima of Rwanda)

See more here – Rwanda Royal Family

BURUNDI (Kingdom of Burundi)

  • King – Mwami/Umwami
  • Queen – Mwamikazi
  • Queen mother – Mugabekazi
  • Prince – Muganwa
  • Princess – Muganwakazi

See more here – Burundi Royal Family


  • Emperor – Negusa Nagast
  • Empress (Female ruler) – Negesta Nagastat
  • Empress consort / wife of emeperor – Itege
  • King – Negus ( Used by rulers of inflntial provinces/kingdoms under ethiopia)
  • Prince – Leul
  • Princess – Leelt /Leult
  • Duke – Ras
  • Bahr Negus – King of Medri bahri kingdom which was found Eritrea (means King of Sea)
  • Sultan – Title for the five rulers of Afar people of horn of Africa

(Source ; Wikipedia)


Zulu Kingdom of AmaZulu people, South Africa

  • King – Ingonyama or ISilo among others
  • Queen – uMkankosi (wife of King), uNdlunkulu (plural iNdlunkulu) used also by ladies who marry into the royal family,
  • Queen Mother – Indlovukazi (also applied to Queen regents)
  • Prince – UMntwana
  • Princess – UMntwana
  • Zinyane, Plural Amazinyane – children of a lion/King
  • Chief – iNkosi
  • Headman – Induna
  • Prime minister – Ndunankulu
    • (Special Acknowledgement to Princess Sinethemba Kazwelithini, Thami Zulu)

See more – Zulu Royal Family

Thembu, Xhosa, Rharhabe, Mpondo, Mpondomise Kingdoms, South Africa

  • King – iKumkani
  • Queen – iKumkanikazi
  • Queen Mother / great royal wife – iNdlunkulu (Great royal wife/house), sometimes Indlovukazi
  • Prince – iNkosana
  • Princess – iNkosazana
  • Chief – iNkosi

See more – AmaMpondo Royal Family

See more – AbaThembu Royal Family

See more – Rharhabe Royal Family

See more – Xhosa Royal Family

Ndebele Kingdom, South Africa (Manala and Ndzundza royal clans)

  • King – iNgwenyama
  • Queen – iNdlovukazi (used for great wife of royal blood)
  • Non royal wife – Kosikazi, also chiefs wife
  • Queen Mother of Manala Ndebele- Ugogo Wesitjaba (Manala)
  • Queen Mother of Ndzundza Ndebele – ngu Gogo westjhaba Ndlovukazi (Ndzundza)
  • Prince – ikosana
  • Princess – ikosazana
  • Chief – iKosi, wife called ikosikazi
    • (Special Acknowledgement to Queen Sekhothali Mabhena and Princess Simangaliso Mahlangu)

See more – Manala Ndebele Royal Family

See more – Ndzundza Mabhoko Royal Family

BaPedi Kingdom of Pedi people, South Africa

  • King – Kgoshikgolo
  • Queen Mother – Mma Kgoshi
  • Queen – Kgoshigadi, also used by queen regents
  • Queen married as a Candle wife” or “great wife – Timamollo
    • Seantlo – sister of Timamollo married as a substitute to bear heirs if Timamollo is unable or dies childless
  • Prince – Kgoshana
  • Princess – Kgoshatana
  • Chief – Kgoshi
  • Subchief – Tona
    • (Special Acknowledgement to General Bauba)

Find out more about – Bapedi Royal Family

BaLobedu monarchy of Lobedu people, South Africa

  • King or Rain Queen – Khosikholo, Modjadji being the reign name which means ruler of the day.
  • Prince – Mokhololo (plural Bhakololo)
  • Princess – Mokhololo (plural Bhakololo)
  • Chief – Khosi
  • Also kings/queens and chiefs are called Bamosata as a sign of respect/praise name. Mosata is royal compound
    • (Special acknowledgment to Molodzwi, King Lekukela Modjadji)

See more here – Rain Queens of BaLobedu

VhaVenda, South Africa

  • King – Khosikhulu (Mphephu Ramabulana royal house)
  • King/Paramount chiefs – Thovhele/Khosi (Tshivhase and Mphaphuli royal houses)
  • Royal Sister/Aunt – Khadzi
  • Prince – Mukololo
  • Princess – Mukololo
  • Chief – Vhamusanda
    • (Special acknowledgment to Ondwela Tshivhase)

Tswana people, South Africa and Botswana

Tswana people of South Africa and Botswana are organized not under one kingdom but under many smaller kingdoms groups each with their own monarch. For this, some consider them chiefs others Kings. Tswana means to break away due to their history of breaking away to form their own tribes. Tswana groups include Bafokeng, Bakwena, Barolong, Bakgatla, Bama, BaTau, BaHurutshe, BaPhiring, Bahlaloga, BaTloung etc

  • King – Kgosikgolo sometimes simply as Kgosi/kgoshi
  • Chief – Kgosi/Kgoshi
  • Woman Chief – Kgosikgadi
  • Queen – Mmarona/Mmakgoshi
  • Queen mother – Mohumagadi/Mmagokgoshi
  • Mmemogolo – Great mother. Title was used affectionatly by Bafokeng to address late queen mother Semane Molotlegi
  • Regent – Motshwaredi
  • Royal Sister/Aunt – Rakgadi

Other Common titles

  • Kgosikgolo – King
  • Kgosi/Kgoshi/ Hosi/ Nkosi/ Inkosi / Inkhosi – Chief, some use it for King
  • Kgosigadi / Hosikazi / Inkosikazi/ Inkhosikati – wife of a Chief, some use it for Queen


Buganda kingdom of BaGanda people, Uganda

  • King – Kabaka
  • Queen – Nnabagereka
  • King’s royal sister – Lubuga/Nnalinya. She is installed with the king as co-heiress to the throne and advisor). After her brother King dies she is incharge of his royal tomb)
  • Queen Mother ( King’s mother) – Namasole
  • Prince – Omulangira (means male royal member)
  • Princess – Omumbejja (means female royal member)
  • Clan Chief – Omutaka
  • Prime minister – Katiikiro

See more here – Buganda Royal Family

Tooro Kingdom & BunyoroKitara kingdoms, Uganda

  • King – Omukama (actual meaning is Milkman)
  • Queen – Omugo (Wife of Omukama), Omugo also used by wives of princes
  • Chief Prince – Omusuga, installed with the king during coronation
  • Princess Royal/Chief Princess – Batebe /Rubuga, installed with the king during coronation
  • Queen Mother (King’s mother) – Omujwera Omugo nyina Omukama
  • Prince – Omubiito
  • Princess – Omubiitokati
  • Prime minister – Omuhikirwa

See more here – Tooro Royal Family

See more here – Bunyoro Kitara Royal Family

Rwenzururu kingdom, Uganda

  • King – Omusinga
  • Queen – Nyabaghole

Ankole / Nkore Kingdom of Ankole people, Uganda

  • King – Omugabe
  • Queen – Omwigarire
  • Prince – Omunyiginya
  • Princess – Omunyiginyakaze
  • Prime minister – Enganzi
  • Parliament – Rukurato

See more here – Ankole Royal Family

Busoga kingdom of Soga people, Uganda

  • King – Isebantu Kyabazinga (Isebantu means father of the people)
  • Queen – Inhebantu
  • Chief of Bugabula – title is Gabula
  • Chief of Bulamogi – title is Zibondo
  • Chief of Kigulu – title is Ngobi
  • Chief of Luuka- title is Tabingwa
  • Chief of Bukono – title is Nkono
  • Chief of Bukooli – title is Wakooli
  • Chief of Butembe – title is Ntembe
  • Chief of Bugweri – title is Menha
  • Chief of Busiki – title is Kisiki
  • Chief of Bunha – title is Luba
  • Chief of Bunhole – title is Nanhumba
  • Prime Minister – title is Katukiro

See more – BuSoga Kingdom

Lango people

  • Paramount Chief – Won Nyaci

Acholi people

  • Paramount Chief – Rwot

Alur people

  • King/ Paramount Chief – Ubimu
  • Queen mother – Min Ubimu
  • Prince – WoRwoth
  • Princess – NyaRwoth
  • Chief – Rwoth
    • (Special Acknowledgement to prince Japamora)

BuGwere/baGwere people

  • King – Ikumbania

Kooki people

  • Monarch – Kamuswaga
  • Queen – Omugo

BaRuuli people

  • Monarch (King or chief) – Isabaruuli

Teso people

  • Monarch/ Paramaount chief – Emorimor

BaGisu/BaMaasaba people

  • Monarch – Umukuuka formerly Umuinga

Banyala people

  • Monarch – Ssabanyala or Omukama

Bwamba people

  • King – Omudhinginya (means Elephant)

Padhola people

  • Monarch – Kwar Adhola

Busongora people

  • King- Omukama previously Omubiito
  • Queen – Omugo
  • Queen mother – Omugabekati

See more – Traditional Kings of Uganda


Nigeria has over 500 traditional monarchjs each with their own title, see here Traditional Kings of Nigeria

  • Oba or Kabiyesi – King is gemerally for Yorubas and used as a prefix before their name but there are specific titles for specific monarchies
  • Igwe – King, is generally used for Igbo Kings and used as a prefix before their name but there are specific titles for specific monarchies
  • Emir – local titles Sarkin, Mai, Shehu are used for the islamic emirates Hausa Fulani in Northern Nigeria
  • Adele – Crowned princess who serves as regent after her fathers death before another male successor king is chosen. Ondo and Ekiti state

Local Kings and Emirs

  • Olu – King of Warri kingdom of Itsekiri people
  • Tor Tiv – King of Tiv people
  • Obong – King of Efik peple
  • Ndidem – King of Qua or Ejagam people
  • Omo N’Oba Nedu Uku Akpolokpolo Oba– King of Benin kingdom of Edo people
  • Ooni – King of Ife kingdom of Yoruba people
  • Alaafin – King of Oyo empire
  • Muri Munene – King of Efut people
  • Elegushi – King of Ikate kingdom
  • Alara – King of Ilara
  • Onisabe – King of Igbobi sabe
  • Sarkin (Emir) – rulers of most Northern nigeria emirates
  • Mai(Emir) – rulers of Northern Nigeria emirates
  • Shehu – Ruler of borno, bama
  • Etsu – Ruler of Nupe, Patigi etc
  • Oniru – King of Iru kingdom
  • Olowu – King of Igbara oke, King of Owu kuta
  • Oluwo – King of iwo
  • Peremabowei or Pere – King of Kabowei Kingdom
  • Oluboropa – King of Iboropa
  • Amayanabo / Amanyanabo – King of Kalabari , King of Ke, King of Ogichiri, King of Abonnema
  • Olofa – King of Offa
  • Abepa – King of Joga
  • Oliyere – King of Iyere
  • Timi – King of Ede
  • Obi – King of Oligbo
  • Odemo – King of Isara
  • Onipokia – King of Ipokia
  • Dein – King of Agbor kingdom
  • Ataoja– King of Osogbo,
  • Deji – King of Akure

see full List here – Traditional Kings of Nigeria


  • Omu – Queen Mother , highest royal title and position among the Igbo people of Anioma subtribe given to a woman as the leader of the women in the Kingdom
  • Olori – Title for queen consort /wife of Oba, used by Yoruba people
  • Lolo – Title for Queen consort , used by Igbo people
  • Iya oba – Title for Queen mother / Kings mother
  • Oloi – Title for Queen consort to Oba of Benin kingdom
  • Sarauniyar – Queen, Emir’s wife, Highest royal titled woman in Islamic Hausa Fulani Emirates, Northern Nigeria
  • Alamerefa – Title for Queen consort/wife to Peremabowei (King) of Kabowei
  • Amayanabota – Title for Queen consort /wife to Amayanabo
  • Erelu Kuti – Title for Queen mother of Lagos
  • Yeye Oodua – Title for Queen mother of Ife
  • Yeyelowu – Title for Senior queen of Olowu of Owukuta
  • Yeyesa – Title for Queen consort / Wife of Oliyere of Iyere
  • Ayaba – Title for queen consort of Oyo, Wife to Alaafin of Oyo
  • Anasi Obi – Title for Queen consort to Obi of Oligbo
  • Ya Gumsu – Title for Queen consort or first lady of Lafia emirate, wife to Emir of Lafia
  • child of king in Yoruba – OmoOba used by Prince and Princess

Benin Kingdom, Nigeria

  • Omo N’Oba Nedu Uku Akpolokpolo Oba or simply Oba – King
  • Edaiken of Uselu – Crown prince
  • Iyoba – Queen Mother/King’s mother
  • Oloi – Queen consort/King’s wife
  • Eson N’erie – senior queen leader of royal harem
  • Okoro – Prince
  • Uvbi – Princess
  • Iyase -Chief advisor to the Oba/Commander in chief of the warriors/Royal army
  • Isekhure – Chief priest
  • Uwangwe – responsible for the king’s attire and wardrobe
  • Enogie – Duke/ Head of a large Community
  • Odionwere – second head of a number of communities
  • Okaidunwun – Street head
  • Okhaemwen – Chief

See more – Benin Kingdom Royal Family

Warri Kingdom, Nigeria

  • Olu – King in local language
  • Ogiame – title means King of the river as kings were custodians of the traditional worship of the River Goddess
  • Olori – Queen
  • Iye Olu – King’s Mother /Queen Mother
  • Ologbotsere – Prime minister
  • Uwangue –  man in-charge of the Olu of Warri’s wardrobe
  • Egogo – King’s Mouthpiece
  • Ojoye – Chief

See more – Warri Kingdom Royal Family

CONGO Region

  • Mwenekongo -Title for King/Emperor of Kongo people/ kingdom (Corrupted by whites to Manikongo)
  • Mwami – Title for many kings and some chiefs of the tribal monsrchies in eastern DRC, similar to Rwanda, Burundi and western Tanzania monarchies
  • Mwami Naluhwindja -Title for King of Luhwindja kingdom
  • Mwami Nakaziba – Title forKing of Kaziba kingdom
  • Nyim -Title for King of BaKuba kingdom, Kuba people
  • Mwami nabushi -Title for King of Kabare kingdom,Shi people
  • Mulopwe – Title for emperor or king of Luba, King of Basanga
  • Mwaant Yaav – Title for Emperor of Lunda empire/ people
  • Kiamvu or Kiamfu – Title for King of Kasongo Lunda people
  • Mwami Msiri – Title for King of Gareganze kingdom of BaYeke people
  • Kiamvu – Title for King of Kasongo Lunda
  • Moe – Title for King of Loango Kingdom

see full list here – Traditional Kings of Congo

Kongo kingdom

  • Mwenekongo -Title for King/Emperor of Kongo people/ kingdom (Corrupted by whites to Manikongo)
  • Infante – Prince (adopted from Portuegese influence)
  • Mfumu – title meaning Lord or Chief
  • Ntinu – Title for lesser vassal Kings under Kongo eg King of Soyo
  • Soba – Title for Chief

Eastern DRC kingdoms (Cheferrie de)

Most commonly, other titles differ

  • King – Mwami
  • Queen/ queen mother – Mwamikazi

Luhwindja Kingdom, DRC Congo

  • King – Mwami NaLuhwindja
  • Queen – Makamba
  • Queen mother/Kings mother – Mwamikazi, becomes Mwamikazi after her husbands passing and is mother of the new king
  • Prince – Murwhali
  • Princess – Murhwalikazi
  • Chiefs –
  • Kingdom – Bwami (can also mean royal court or palace)
    • (Special Acknowledgement to HM Mwami Naluhwindja Tony Chibwire)

Kabare kingdom of Shi people, South Kivu DRC Congo

  • King – Mwami
  • Queen – Makamba
  • Queen mother – Mwamikazi
  • Prince – Muluzi
  • Princess – Muluzi Munyere
  • Chiefs – Bajinji
  • Kingdom – Bwami (can also mean royal court or palace)
    • (Special Acknowledgement to Prince Alexandre Kabare)

Bukumu Kingdom of Bakumu people, North Kivu DRC Congo

  • King – Mwami
  • Queen – Mwamikazi
  • Queen mother – Omugabekatsi
  • Prince – Mutwali
  • Kings brother – Muruti
  • Princess – Murutinyere
    • (Special Acknowledgement to Mwami Kahembe Isaac Butsitsi)


  • Nfon/Fon/Mfon – Title for King of Bamoun people, King of Bana, King of Balikumbat, King of Bafut, King of Babungo, King of Bafaw, King of Mankon, King of Oku etc
  • Neh Manju or Nah Mfon – Queen mother (Kings mother) of Bamoun Kingdom
  • Momamfon – Title for Princess Coheir (Bamoun people)
  • Fo/ Fo,o – Title for King of Baham, King of Bamendjou, King of Bakondji, King of Bafoussam,
  • FoA-Djo – Title for King of Bandjoun
  • Sultan – Title for Muslim rulers of Wandala/Mandara, Ruler of Logone-Birni, Ruler of Bouba, King of Bamon
  • Lamido – Title for Ruler of Bibemi, Ruler of Mokolo, Ruler of Maroua, Ruler of Mogode, Ruler of Ngaoundere

See full post here – Kings in Cameroon


  • Ingwenyama Inkosi ya Makosi – Title for King of Maseko ngoni,
  • Inkosi ya Makosi – Title for king of Jele ngoni, King of Ngoni of Tanzania. Literally means King of Kings/Emperor
  • Inkosikazimkhulu – Title for Senior Queen of Maseko Ngoni
  • Inkosikazi – Queen, wife of chief
  • Indlovukazi – Title for Queen mother of Ngoni clans,, also used for queen of Jele Ngoni
  • Themba la mathemba Chikulamayembe – Title for king/paramount chief of Tumbuka people means King of Kings
  • Ntemi gwa Batemi Kyungu – King/Paramount chief of Ngonde people
  • Mwene wa Mamwene – Title for Paramount chief of Lhomwe people
  • Inkosana – Title for Prince of the Ngoni clans
  • Inkosazana – Title for Princess of the Ngoni clans
  • Inkosi – chief both male or female

see ful list here – Traditional Kings of Malawi


  • Nabongo – Title for King of Wanga Kingdom / Abawanga
  • Haye ywe Ngaji  – Title for King of Pokomo
  • Haye – Title for King of WaIlwana tribe
  • Oloibon/ Laibon – Title for ruler of Maasai people, both spiritual and political
  • Orkoiyot – Title for Political and spiritual ruler of Nandi people
  • Mugwe – Title for Ruler/Spiritual leader of Meru people
  • Njuri Ncheeke – Title for Council of elders of Meru People
  • Rwoth/Ruoth – Title for Ruler/Chief of Luo people
  • Ker – Chair of Luo council of elders
  • Sultan – Title for clan chiefs of the somali clans
  • Sheikh – Title for rulers of historic coastal towns/sultanates of kenya

see more – Traditional Kings in Kenya


Most are now all known as Chifu (Chief in Swahili) but are Kings in their local titles

  • Ntemi/ Mtemi -Title for king or chief of the Chagga people, Nyamwezi people
  • Ngole – Wife of Ntemi
  • Mtwa -Title for King or chief of Hehe people
  • Sultan – Title for ruler of Zanzibar sultanate, also used in neighbouring Comoros and Seychelles
  • Mwami – Title for Kings of Ha people of western Tanzania, near Rwanda
  • Mfalme/Mfaume – King in Swahili language, also used in neigbhouring Comoros and Seychelles
  • Mangi Mkuu – Paramount King by the Chagga people (incorretly referred as Paramount chief by the white colonialists)
  • Mangi – King of the Sukuma tribes (incorretly referred as chief by the white colonialists)
  • MkaMangi – Wife of King/Mangi
  • Omukama – King, used by tribes/kingdoms in North western Tanzania near Uganda
  • Omugabe – King, used by Ihangiro kingdom
  • Inkosi ya Makosi – King of Kings/chiefs, used by the Ngoni people of Songea
  • Kolo – King, used by the Wamanyema people of kigoma region
  • Mwene – King, used by Nyiha/Fipa tribe

Find out more about Kings in Tanzania here – Kings in Tanzania


  • Asantehene – Title for King / emperor of Ashanti
  • Asantehemaa – Title for Queenmother of Ashanti
  • Naa – Title for King of Wala people
  • Ga Mantse – Title for King of Ga people
  • Awoamefia – Title for King of Anlo Ewe people
  • Yaa Naa– Title for King of Dagomba people or Dagbon Kingdom
  • Bakwu Naba – Title for Ruler of Bakwu people
  • Nayiri – Title for King of Mamprusi people of Mamprong kingdom
  • Yabbongwura – title for King of Gonjs people/ kingdom
  • Okyehene – Title for King of Okyeman people/ Akyem Abuakwa people
  • Okuapehene – title for ruler of Akuapem area of Okuapeman people


  • Sultan – Title used by all traditional monarchs today due to Islamic infleunce
  • Kotoko – Title for Sultan of Gaoui
  • Mbang – Title for Sultan of Barguimi
  • Kolak – Title for Sultan of Wadai

See full list here – Sultans of Chad


  • Reth – Title for King of Shilluk (Chollo) people, shilluk kingdom
  • Sultan – Title for monarch of Darfur sultanate, Fur people and other islamic influenced monarchies
  • Nyie/Nyeyya – Title for King of Anuak/Anyuak/ Anywaa people
  • Atoroba – Title for King of Azande people kingdom
  • Mukkuk – Title for ruler of Taqali

see full list here – Kings of Sudan and South Sudan


  • Mwene Kongo / Manikongo – Title for King of Kongo kingdom of BaKongo people
  • Mwene Mbandu – Title for King of Mbunda kingdom of Ovimbundu people, Mwene Ngoma meaning Owner of the royal drum or Mwene wa Chiundi
  • Ngola – Title for King of Ndongo kingdom
  • Mwene Vunongue – Title for King of Ganguela or Nganguela people
  • oSoma y’olosoma – Title for King of Bauilundo/Mbailundo Kingdom, which means king of chiefs.
  • Soma Inene – Title for King of Wambo/Huambo kingdom, King of Viye/Bie

See full list here – Traditional Kings of Angola


King, Paramount chief, Senior chief, Senior chieftainess, Chief and Chieftainess are majorly used by Zambian Government

  • Litunga – Title for King of Barotseland/Lozi people
  • Kalonga Gawa Undi – Title for King of Chewa kingdom people
  • Mwata Kazembe – Title for monarch of Kazembe Lunda people
  • Chitimukulu – Title for King of Bemba people
  • Munokalya, Mwami, – Title for Lion King Mukuni of Leya people
  • Bedyango – Title for Matriarch of Leya people. She reigns alongside the Lion King Mukuni of Leya
  • Nkwazi – Title for queen consort/Kings wife of Lion king Mukuni of Leya people. it means eagle
    • (Special acknowledgements – Candido Mukuni)

See full list here – Traditional Kings of Zambia


Paramount chief, Chief used by the Namibia State Government

  • Ombara Otjitambi – Title for Paramount Chief of Herero people
  • Gaob – Title for King of Damara people
  • Gaob – Title for monarch of the Nama people
  • Ohamba yOukwanyama – Title for King/Queen regnant of Oukwanyama Kingdom people
  • Omukwaniilwa – Title for King of Ondonga people
  • Omukwaniilwa gwUukwaluudhi – Title for King of Uukwaluudhi Kingdom people
  • Omukwaniilwa – Title for King of Ongandjera Kingdom people
  • Munitenge – Title for monarch of Masubia/Subiya people
  • Hompa – Title for monarch of Uukwangali Kingdom people
  • Hompa – Title for monarch of Mbunza kingdom of Okavango people
  • Hompa – Title for chief of Shambyu people
  • Fumu – Title for monarch of Hambukushu people


  • Ogorungu/Agamwinboni – King/Chief of Kingdom of Orungu
  • Oga – King of Mpongwe/ Omyene people


Somalia has many rulers of the many different clans. Sometimes they are referred as clan chiefs due to their high number

  • Suldaan – Title for many kings locally. (suldaan is in local somali which is Sultan in English).
  • Boqor – Title for king of Darood clan, Majeerteen sultanate
  • Ugaas/Ughaz – Title for King of Dishiishe clan, King of Gadarbuusi clan
  • Beeldaaje – Title for King of Ali saleeban clan/sultanate
  • Wabar – Title for King of Degodia clan
  • Garaad – Title for King of Dhulbahante clan, King of Jidwaaq/Absame clan,

See more – Traditional Kings and sultans of Somalia


  • Mogho Naba – Title for King of Ouagadougou kingdom of Mossi people
  • Naaba – Title for King of Boussouma kingdom and King of Yatenga of Mossi people
  • Dima – Title for King of Zougrantenga kingdom of Mossi people
  • Djamanatigui – Title for King of Bobo Dioulasso

See more – Traditional Kings of Burkina Faso


  • Khedive – Ruler Viceroy of Egypt Khedivate from 1805 to 1914 under it was under the Ottoman empire
  • Khediva – wife of Khedive, used unofficially
  • Sultan – used when Egypt was a sultanate
  • Sultana – wife of Sultan
  • King – used when Egypt became a Kingdom until 1953 when the monarchy was abolished into a republic
  • Queen – wife of the King


  • Fiogan – Title for king/chief of Togoville Mlapa
  • Ge Fioga – Title for King/chief of Glidji
  • Aputaga – Title for King/chief of Aneho
  • Togbe Ahuawoto – Title for King/chief of Lolan
  • Ouro – Title for King/chief of Bassar, King/chief of Kpangalam and King/chief of Bafilo
  • Obue – Title for King/chief of Tchamba
  • Ewefiaga Togbe – Title for King/chief of Notse
  • Togbe – Title for King/Chief of Be
  • Soma – Title for King/Chief of Tchokossi

See more – Traditional Kings of Togo

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